The way our brains process data is extremely intricate. Learning disabilities are problems associated with how our brain receives, analyzes, and stores information. There are many kinds of disabilities that can make it difficult for a student who is trying to learn. Certain kinds can make it hard for a person to concentrate or focus on a task, while others can impede a person’s ability to write, speak, spell, or solve mathematical problems.
You can never tell if a person has a learning disability just by looking at them. One of the first signs that show up is if the child has problems speaking, writing, reading, paying attention in class, or communicating with others. Many learning problems are caught early in grade school when a teacher or parent notices that the child is struggling following directions or completing simple tasks. Other learning problems can show up later in the teenage years.
Most learning disabilities can be categorized two ways: verbal and nonverbal. Verbal disabilities are when the person has problems with written and spoken words. One of the most common verbal disabilities is dyslexia. This causes a person to have difficulty processing and recognizing letters and the sounds associated with them. Therefore, these people have trouble reading and writing.
Nonverbal disabilities are when the person has difficulty recognizing and making sense of visual things. For example, a child may confuse a subtraction sign with a division sign. Fractions may become reversed and quite difficult to make sense of.
Just because a child has trouble studying for an exam does not mean that they have a learning disability. Learning styles vary from person to person. Some people are just naturally slow learners or readers, but they still perform well with people in their same age group.
If you’re worried that your child may have a learning disability, then it’s best to take them to a psychologist or specialist who can help diagnose the problem.